The History of Scarsdale
During the American Revolution, the town saw fighting when the Continental and British armies clashed briefly at what is now the junction of Garden Road and Mamaroneck Road. The farmhouse on Garden Road that British commander Sir William Howe lodged at still stands.
By the time of the first Federal Census in 1790, the population had grown from the original twelve to 281. By 1840, the number had declined to 255. When the New York and Harlem Railroad connected Scarsdale to New York City, the town again began to grow.
In 1891, the Arthur Suburban Home Company purchased a 150-acre farm and converted it into a development of single-family dwellings, thus beginning Scarsdale’s transformation from rural to suburban. It wasn’t long before civil institutions began appearing: the Heathcote Association and the Town Club (1904), Scarsdale High School and Greenacres Elementary School (1917), the Scarsdale Women’s Club and the Edgewood Elementary School (1918), and the Scarsdale League of Women (1921). The first store in Scarsdale opened in 1912. By 1915 the population approached 3000. By 1930, that number was close to 10,000. Heathcote School, the last of the town’s five elementary schools opened in 1954.
New York City publisher S. Spencer Scott raised $100,000 in 1951 to move Scarsdale’s public library from historic Wayside Cottage where it had been located since 1928 to its present location on the White Plains Post Road. It opened with 27,000 books.
The landmark United States Supreme Court decision, ACLU vs Scarsdale (1985) established the so-called “reindeer rule” and upheld the right of local religious groups to place crèches on public property.
Today Scarsdale is one of the most historic villages in the country. With an enviable combination of good schools, low crime, college-educated neighbors, and a high rate of home ownership, Scarsdale is a solid, family-friendly community.
If you would like to live in a community where education is top-notch, the history is rich, family is important, and community spirit is alive and well, Scarsdale is the place for you. Let our friendly management team here at Prudential Centennial Realty help you find the home of your dreams. We are here 7 days a week and have over 60 years of experience. Call us today.